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Common Image File Formats


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DescriptionJPEG is the most common image format used by digital cameras, it is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.JPEG 2000 is an enhancement of the JPEG standard. It supports transparency, is able to store lossless data. It is also having a better compression level. As it is unsupported by several browsers, it has not been widely used on the Internet.PNG was created to improve GIF image-file format. Removing patent license issues at that time; and removing 256 colors limitation.AV1 Image File Format is a recent image format based on the AV1 video codec and with a wide feature set.GIF is a bitmap image format that allows a lossless compression by reducing the image to 256 distinct colors. It has been replaced by PNG after fear over patent issues. It is still widely used for animation as it's the only format that supports animation and that is widely supported by browsers.RAW relates to several image file formats since each camera manufacturer has one or several formats (depending on equipments). These files contains the data acquired by sensors almost unprocessed.TIFF is a file format for storing images losslessly. It is widely supported by image-manipulation applications, by scanning, faxing, word processing, optical character recognition and other applications.High Efficiency Image File Format is a container format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). The format has several variants and supports individual or sequences of images.PDF is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it.
Développé parJoint Photographic Experts GroupJoint Photographic Experts GroupW3C (donated by PNG Development Group)Alliance for Open Media (AOM)CompuServeCamera manufacturersAdobeMPEGAdobe (until 2008)
ISO (since 2008)
Année19922000199620191987 (still)
1989 (animated)
multiple proprietary formats exist1986 (version 1)
1992 (version 6)
20151993 (first version) 2017 (PDF 2.0)
AvantagesSmall file size
Widely supported format
Good color range
Small file sizeWidely accepted format
Transparency support
Small file sizeSimple animations/short video clips
Widely supported format
Transparency support
Lossless compression
Smaller file sizes
High-quality images
Compatible with both PCs and Macs
Multiple images and multiple pages can be saved in one file
Protects intellectual property
Maintains printed format
InconvénientsLossy compression
Not great for text, simple graphics, or illustrations
Processor intensiveLossless only. Poor compression for photographic images.Limited support yetLimited to 256 colors (8-bit per pixel). Only binary transparency.Large file sizeLarge file size
Not great for web graphics
Minor software compatibility issues
Limited support yet
Longer browser loading times
Non-editable content
Not great for complex graphics printing
Not really useful as a graphic image
Image vectorielleNonNonNonNonNonNonNonNonOui
Image matricielle (Raster)OuiOuiOuiOuiOuiOuiOuiOuiOui
Format sans perteNonOui Lossless and lossyOuiOui Lossless and lossyOuiOuiOuiOui Lossless and lossyOui
Support animationNonOui ISO/IEC 15444-2- Animated PNG is an extension to the PNG format which is compatible with the Gecko and WebKit layout engines and many image editing suites. Users of software incompatible with APNG see the first frame as a still.OuiOuiNonNonOuiNon
Support de la transparenceNonOuiOuiOui- Only all-or-nothing, no semi-transparencyNonOuiOuiNon
Support des couchesNonNonNonNonNonNon-NonNon
Profondeur de couleur max. (bit depth)8-bit38-bit16-bit12-bit8-bit (but only 256 different colors)Typically 14-bit32-bit8-bit (HEIC)
up to 16-bit (HEIX)
Supporte CMYK (pour l'imprimerie)OuiOuiNonNonNonNonOuiNonOui
Nombre de canaux max.4 (RGB or CMYK)163844 (RGBA)5 (RGBA+depth)1 (palette data)Typically Bayer data (RGBG)65535
Utilisations communesPhotography
Photographic images electronically and on the web
Printing photographs
JPEG replacement, HD imagingIcons
Simple web graphics like logos
Illustrations, or raster text rendering
Simple web graphics
HDR photography, ArchivingImages from scanner
HD imaging
Working with photographs without image quality loss
Apple iPhone photosFixed layout flat documents
Navigateurs supportés (sans plugin)
Google ChromeOuiNonOuiOui Chrome 85OuiNonNon- AVIFOui
Microsoft EdgeOuiNonOuiNonOuiNonNonNonOui
FirefoxOuiNonOuiOui Firefox 92OuiNonNonNonOui
OperaOuiNonOuiOui Opera 71OuiNonNonNonOui
Internet ExplorerOuiNonOuiNonOuiNonOuiNonOui
Extensions.jpg .jpeg .jpe .jif .jfif .jfi.jp2 .j2c .j2k .jpx .jpf .j2c .j2kStill: .png; Animated: .png, .apng.avif .avifs.gif.crw .cr2 .raw .rw2 .nef .nrw .orf ....tiff .tif.heif .heifs .heic.pdf
NomJoint Photographic Experts GroupJoint Photographic Experts Group 2000Portable Network GraphicsAV1 Image File Format (AVIF)Graphics Interchange FormatRAW Image fileTagged Image File FormatHigh Efficiency Image File FormatPortable Document Format (PDF)
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13 fév. 2024 13:51:52
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