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FileFormats 21.05.29


Short name
DescriptionAV1 Image File Format is a recent image format based on the AV1 video codec and with a wide feature set.BMP File Format as been widely used on Windows platform. Although it supports data compression and alpha channels, these features were not widely used as it was not supported by all image editors.EPS is a file extension for a graphics file format used in vector-based images in Adobe Illustrator. EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. An EPS file can contain text as well as graphics.GIF is a bitmap image format that allows a lossless compression by reducing the image to 256 distinct colors. It has been replaced by PNG after fear over patent issues. It is still widely used for animation as it's the only format that supports animation and that is widely supported by browsers.High Efficiency Image File Format is a container format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). The format has several variants and supports individual or sequences of images.JPEG is the most common image format used by digital cameras, it is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.JPEG 2000 is an enhancement of the JPEG standard. It supports transparency, is able to store lossless data. It is also having a better compression level. As it is unsupported by several browsers, it has not been widely used on the Internet.PCT is a graphics file format introduced on the original Apple Macintosh computer as its standard metafile format. It allows the interchange of graphics (both bitmapped and vector), and some limited text support, between Mac applications, and was the native graphics format of QuickDraw.PCX, standing for PiCture eXchange, was the native file format for PC Paintbrush and became one of the first widely accepted DOS imaging standards, although it has since been succeeded by more sophisticated image formats.PDF is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it.PNG was created to improve GIF image-file format. Removing patent license issues at that time; and removing 256 colors limitation.PSD is the default image file format used by Adobe Photoshop. It supports layers and transparency.RAW relates to several image file formats since each camera manufacturer has one or several formats (depending on equipments). These files contains the data acquired by sensors almost unprocessed.SVG is an XML based file format. It allows to create vector graphics with animation and interaction support. It can be edited with any text editor.TGA format is used widely in paint, graphics, and imaging applications that require the storage of image data containing up to 32 bits per pixel. TGA has also become popular in the world of still-video editing.TIFF is a file format for storing images losslessly. It is widely supported by image-manipulation applications, by scanning, faxing, word processing, optical character recognition and other applications.WebP is an image file format developed by Google, and supposed to be a new open standard for lossily compressed true color graphics. It's a direct competitor to JPEG.WMF is an image file format intended to be portable between applications and may contain both vector graphics and bitmap components. It acts in a similar manner to SVG files.
ProsSmall file sizeFast to encodeScalable to any size
Compatibility for vector graphics
Ideal for printing/output
Simple animations/short video clips
Widely supported format
Transparency support
Lossless compression
Smaller file sizes
Small file size
Widely supported format
Good color range
Small file sizeBest file format for on-screen display on the Macintosh
Best printing format from the Macintosh to a non-PostScript printer
Image information retained
Good quality image
Protects intellectual property
Maintains printed format
Widely accepted format
Transparency support
Layers support
Transparency support
LosslessVector graphics: can be resized without quality loss
Text-based: can be edited with a text editor
Well-defined, well-documented format in wide use, which is quick and easy to read and decompressLossless
High-quality images
Compatible with both PCs and Macs
Multiple images and multiple pages can be saved in one file
Small file size (Smaller than JPEG with comparable image quality)Lossless
ConsLimited support yetLarge file sizeMay lose control of advanced vector editing featuresLimited to 256 colors (8-bit per pixel). Only binary transparency.Limited support yet
Lossy compression
Not great for text, simple graphics, or illustrations
Processor intensiveFonts may be represented incorrectly when moved cross-platform
QuickTime must be installed to view some PICT files correctly
Large file format
PC compatible only and older PCX versions only support 256 colours.
Longer browser loading times
Non-editable content
Not great for complex graphics printing
Not really useful as a graphic image
Lossless only. Poor compression for photographic images.Large file sizeSecurity issues; can contain executable code (javascript) and non-embedded (URI) resources, so essentially requires a browser for proper viewing. Not intended for print.Lacks a superior compression schemeLarge file size
Not great for web graphics
Minor software compatibility issues
Limited to 8-bit. Lossy forces 4:2:0 tv-range YCbCr.Not good for exporting or pasting bar graphs with fill patterns to PowerPoint
Support is limited
LosslessYes Lossless and lossyYesYesYesYes Lossless and lossyNoYes Lossless and lossyYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes Lossless and lossyYes
Animation supportYesNoNoYesYesNoYes ISO/IEC 15444-2NoNoNo- Animated PNG is an extension to the PNG format which is compatible with the Gecko and WebKit layout engines and many image editing suites. Users of software incompatible with APNG see the first frame as a still.NoNoYesYesNoYes
Transparency supportYesYesYes- Only all-or-nothing, no semi-transparencyYesNoYesYesYesNoYesYesNoYesYesYesYesYes
Layers supportNoNoYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesNo-No
Developed byAlliance for Open Media (AOM)MicrosoftAdobeCompuServeMPEGJoint Photographic Experts GroupJoint Photographic Experts GroupApple ComputerZSoft CorporationAdobe (until 2008)
ISO (since 2008)
W3C (donated by PNG Development Group)AdobeCamera manufacturersW3CTrueVision, IncAdobeGoogleMicrosoft
Commonly used forImage editingSending vector graphics to print
Working with vector/raster graphics across platforms/graphic design programs
Simple web graphics
Apple iPhone photosPhotography
Photographic images electronically and on the web
Printing photographs
JPEG replacement, HD imagingDesktop publishing
Imaging applications using QuickDraw calls
with Paintbrush software
Mainly in the MS-DOS world. It is mainly an exchange and storage format
Fixed layout flat documentsIcons
Simple web graphics like logos
Illustrations, or raster text rendering
Image editingHDR photography, ArchivingScalable graphicsStorage and interchange of deep-pixel images, paint, and image manipulation programs.Images from scanner
HD imaging
Working with photographs without image quality loss
Images on the webused in Microsoft Clip Organizer for illustrations
To store line-art, illustrations and content created in drawing or presentation applications.
Browser support (without plugin)
Google ChromeYes Chrome 85NoNoYes- AVIFYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNo
Microsoft EdgeNoNoNoYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNo
SafariNoNoYesYesNoYesYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoYes- Partial supportNo
FirefoxYes Firefox 92NoNoYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNo
OperaYes Opera 71NoNoYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNo
Internet ExplorerNoNoYesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYes IE9NoYesNoYes
File extensions.avif .avifs.bmp .dib.eps .epsi .epsf.gif.heif .heifs.jpg .jpeg .jpe .jif .jfif .jfi.jp2 .j2c .j2k .jpx .jpf .j2c .j2k.pct .pict .pic.pcx.pdfStill: .png; Animated: .png, .apng.psd .pdd.crw .cr2 .raw .rw2 .nef .nrw .orf ....svg .svgz.tga.tiff .tif.webp.wmf .emf .wmz .emz
NameAV1 Image File Format (AVIF)Windows BitmapEncapsulated PostScriptGraphics Interchange FormatHigh Efficiency Image File FormatJoint Photographic Experts GroupJoint Photographic Experts Group 2000Macintosh PicturePicture Exchange, aka, PC PaintbrushPortable Document Format (PDF)Portable Network GraphicsPhotoshop DocumentRAW Image fileScalable Vector GraphicsTrueVision TARGATagged Image File FormatWebPWindows Metafile
Apr. 21st 2022 11:35:45 AM
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