Common image file formats

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2020-09-21 21:42:55
Compare the features of the most common image formats

( Comparison illustration: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lenna )
AVIFJPEGWebPJPEG2000BMPGIFPNGRAWTIFFSVGEPSHEIFPCTPCXPDFPSDTGAWMF
DescriptionAV1 Image File Format is a recent image format based on the AV1 video codec and with a wide feature set.JPEG is the most common image format used by digital cameras, it is the most common format for storing and transmitting photographic images on the World Wide Web.WebP is an image file format developed by Google, and supposed to be a new open standard for lossily compressed true color graphics. It's a direct competitor to JPEG.JPEG 2000 is an enhancement of the JPEG standard. It supports transparency, is able to store lossless data. It is also having a better compression level. As it is unsupported by several browsers, it has not been widely used on the Internet.BMP File Format as been widely used on Windows platform. Although it supports data compression and alpha channels, these features were not widely used as it was not supported by all image editors.GIF is a bitmap image format that allows a lossless compression by reducing the image to 256 distinct colors. It has been replaced by PNG after fear over patent issues. It is still widely used for animation as it's the only format that supports animation and that is widely supported by browsers.PNG was created to improve GIF image-file format. Removing patent license issues at that time; and removing 256 colors limitation.RAW relates to several image file formats since each camera manufacturer has one or several formats (depending on equipments). These files contains the data acquired by sensors almost unprocessed.TIFF is a file format for storing images losslessly. It is widely supported by image-manipulation applications, by scanning, faxing, word processing, optical character recognition and other applications.SVG is an XML based file format. It allows to create vector graphics with animation and interaction support. It can be edited with any text editor.EPS is a file extension for a graphics file format used in vector-based images in Adobe Illustrator. EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. An EPS file can contain text as well as graphics.High Efficiency Image File Format is a container format developed by the Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG). The format has several variants and supports individual or sequences of images.PCT is a graphics file format introduced on the original Apple Macintosh computer as its standard metafile format. It allows the interchange of graphics (both bitmapped and vector), and some limited text support, between Mac applications, and was the native graphics format of QuickDraw.PCX, standing for PiCture eXchange, was the native file format for PC Paintbrush and became one of the first widely accepted DOS imaging standards, although it has since been succeeded by more sophisticated image formats.PDF is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed-layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it.PSD is the default image file format used by Adobe Photoshop. It supports layers and transparency.TGA format is used widely in paint, graphics, and imaging applications that require the storage of image data containing up to 32 bits per pixel. TGA has also become popular in the world of still-video editing.WMF is an image file format intended to be portable between applications and may contain both vector graphics and bitmap components. It acts in a similar manner to SVG files.
ProsSmall file sizeSmall file size
Widely supported format
Compatibility
Good color range
Small file size (Smaller than JPEG with comparable image quality)Small file sizeUncompressed for perfect images
Near universal compatibility
Efficient compression (ZIP, etc.)
Simple animations/short video clips
Widely supported format
Transparency support
Lossless compression
Smaller file sizes
Widely accepted format
Lossless
Transparency support
LosslessLossless
High-quality images
Compatible with both PCs and Macs
Multiple images and multiple pages can be saved in one file
Can be expanded infinitely without quality loss
Can be edited with a text editor
Scalable to any size
Lossless
Compatibility for vector graphics
Ideal for printing/output
Best file format for on-screen display on the Macintosh
Best printing format from the Macintosh to a non-PostScript printer
Image information retained
Good quality image
Lossless
Protects intellectual property
Maintains printed format
Lossless
Layers support
Transparency support
Well-defined, well-documented format in wide use, which is quick and easy to read and decompressLossless
ConsLimited support yetLossy compression
Not great for text, simple graphics, or illustrations
Lossy compressionProcessor intensiveLarge file sizeLimited to 256 colors
Web colors only
No transparency
More complex and larger image files can be large
Only supports web colors (RGB)
Limited compatibility
Large file sizeLarge file size
Not great for web graphics
Minor software compatibility issues
Support growing but still limited
Not intended for print
May lose control of advanced vector editing featuresLimited support yetFonts may be represented incorrectly when moved cross-platform
QuickTime must be installed to view some PICT files correctly
Large file format
PC compatible only and older PCX versions only support 256 colours.
Longer browser loading times
Non-editable content
Not great for complex graphics printing
Not really useful as a graphic image
Lacks a superior compression schemeNot good for exporting or pasting bar graphs with fill patterns to PowerPoint
Support is limited
Features
LosslessYes Lossless and lossyNoNoYes Lossless and lossyYesYesYesYesYesYesYesYes Lossless and lossyYesYesYesYesYesYes
Animation supportYesNoNoYes ISO/IEC 15444-2NoYes- Animated PNG is an extension to the PNG format which is compatible with the Gecko and WebKit layout engines and many image editing suites. Users of software incompatible with APNG see the first frame as a still.NoNoYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYes
Transparency supportYesNoNoYesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYesNoYesYesYes
Layers supportNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesNoYesNoNoYes
HDRYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesNoYesNo
Developed byAlliance for Open MediaJoint Photographic Experts GroupGoogleJoint Photographic Experts GroupMicrosoftCompuServceW3C (donated by PNG Development Group)Camera manufacturerAdobeW3CAdobe SystemsMPEGApple ComputerZSoft CorporationAdobe SystemsAdobe SystemsTrueVision, IncMicrosoft
Commonly used forPhotography
Photographic images electronically and on the web
Printing photographs
JPEG replacement, HD imagingImage editingAnimation
Simple web graphics
Icons
Simple web graphics like logos
Illustrations, or raster text rendering
HDR photography, ArchivingImages from scanner
HD imaging
Working with photographs without image quality loss
Scalable graphicsSending vector graphics to print
Working with vector/raster graphics across platforms/graphic design programs
Desktop publishing
Paint
Imaging applications using QuickDraw calls
with Paintbrush software
Mainly in the MS-DOS world. It is mainly an exchange and storage format
Fixed layout flat documentsImage editingStorage and interchange of deep-pixel images, paint, and image manipulation programs.used in Microsoft Clip Organizer for illustrations
To store line-art, illustrations and content created in drawing or presentation applications.
Browser support (without plugin)
Google ChromeYes Chrome 85YesYesNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNo- AVIFNoNoYesNoNoNo
Microsoft EdgeNoYesYesNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
SafariNoYesNoYesNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoNo
Firefox- in progressYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
OperaNoYesYesNoNoYesYesNoNoYesNoNoNoNoYesNoNoNo
Internet ExplorerNoYesNoNoNoYesYesNoNoYes IE9NoNoNoNoYesNoNoYes
Additional
File extensions.avif .avifs.jpg .jpeg .jpe .jif .jfif .jfi.webp.jp2 .j2c .j2k .jpx .jpf .j2c .j2k.bmp .dib.gifStill: .png; Animated: .png, .apng.crw .cr2 .raw .rw2 .nef .nrw .orf ....tiff .tif.svg .svgz.eps .epsi .epsf.heif .heifs.pct .pict .pic.pcx.pdf.psd .pdd.tga.wmf .emf .wmz .emz
NameAV1 Image File Format (AVIF)Joint Photographic Experts GroupWebPJoint Photographic Experts Group 2000Windows BitmapGraphics Interchange FormatPortable Network GraphicsRAW Image fileTagged Image File FormatScalable Vector GraphicsEncapsulated PostScriptHigh Efficiency Image File FormatMacintosh PicturePicture Exchange, aka, PC PaintbrushPortable Document Format (PDF)Photoshop DocumentTrueVision TARGAWindows Metafile
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/AV1#AV1_Image_File_Format_(AVIF)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEGhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WebPhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/JPEG_2000http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BMP_file_formathttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Graphics_Interchange_Formathttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portable_Network_Graphicshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Raw_image_formathttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tagged_Image_File_Formathttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scalable_Vector_Graphicshttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encapsulated_PostScripthttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_Efficiency_Image_File_Formathttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PICThttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PCXhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portable_Document_Formathttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adobe_Photoshop#PSDhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Truevision_TGAhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Windows_Metafile
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Comments

  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    excellent work
    Posted 2019-05-27 06:40:14 by Mukesh Dak
  • This is very useful information
    Posted 2018-04-10 23:48:37 by Shema
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2015-03-11 05:25:30 by Dee Taha
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2011-04-12 20:34:58 by Alexis
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2011-04-11 23:58:33 by Seralive

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