Android versions comparison

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2017-10-25 09:46:13

Android platform

Android is a software stack that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications. While Google is the main actor which comes to mind, the Open Handset Alliance also collaborates on Android's development and release. The operating system is based on the Linux kernel, the specific versions depends on the platform version and is given in the comparison table below.

Phones / Tablets / Smart watches / TV Player...

The latest version of the platform is now Oreo Android 8.0.

There was previously two flavors of the platform. One targeted for small screens mainly mobile phones (all versions below 3.0), and one dedicated for tablets: Honeycomb Android 3.0. However not all Android tablets support this version (some tablets use the Android 2.x).

These two variants of the platform have been merged to a versatile and uniform platform since "Ice Cream Sandwich", which has been released in October 2011. It combines "Gingerbread" and "Honeycomb" versions in a cohesive platform for tablets and phones at the same time.

Android 5.0 aka Lollipop target to be even more versatile to target also smart watches, TV player, Car media center... device with only 512 of RAM can support this new version.

Note: The market share figures (Aug. 2017) are based on statistics using API level, so the percentage might gather several versions of the Android platform.

Related comparisons:

http://socialcompare.com/en/comparison/mobile-os-comparison-developer-view

The following comparison chart lists the main differences between each version of the android platform using the changelog of each version. Do not hesitate to contribute or comment to make this comparison table as accurate as possible.

Version nameKey user features addedRelease dateAPI Level
Android 8.0Oreo
  • PIP: Picture-in-Picture with resizable windows
  • Android Instant apps
  • Improved notifications system
  • Improved system settings
  • Lock screen redesign
2017-08-2126
Android 7.1.2Nougat
  • Battery usage alerts
  • Nexus and Pixel specific improvements
2017-04-0425
Android 7.1.1Nougat
  • Long press on the app icon enable new launch actions
  • The default keyboard allows now to send GIFs directly
  • New set of emojis
2016-12-0525
Android 7.1Nougat
  • Daydream Virtual Reality mode
  • Night Light
  • Storage manager improvements
  • Performance improvements for Touch and Display managements
  • Option to enable fingerprint swipe down gesture
  • Seamless system updates
2016-10-0425
Android 7.0Nougat
  • Unicode 9.0 emoji
  • Better multitasking
  • Multi-window mode (PIP, Freeform window)
  • Seamless system updates (with dual system partition)
  • Better performance and code size thanks to new JIT Compiler
2016-08-2224
Android 6.0.1MarshmallowNew emojis2015-12-0723
Android 6Marshmallow
  • USB Type-C support
  • Fingerprint Authentication support
  • Better battery life with "deep sleep"
  • Permissions dashboard
  • Android Pay
  • MIDI support
  • Google Now improvements
2015-10-0523
Android 5.1.1Lollipop
  • Speed improvement
  • Bug fixes
2015-04-2122
Android 5.1Lollipop
  • Multiple SIM cards support
  • Quick settings shortcuts to join Wi-Fi networks or control Bluetooth devices
  • Lock protection if lost or stolen
  • High Definition voice call
  • Stability and performance enhancements
2015-03-0922
Android 5.0.2Lollipop
  • Performance improvements and bug fixes
2014-12-1921
Android 5.0.1Lollipop
  • bug fixes, fix issues with video playback and password failures
2014-12-0221
Android 5.0Lollipop
  • New design (Material design)
  • Speed improvement
  • Battery consumption improvement
2014-10-1721
Android 4.4.4KitKat
  • Fix Heartbleed / OpenSSL vulnerability
2014-06-2319
Android 4.4.3KitKat
  • Bug fixes
  • Enable Sprint Spark band 26 and band 41
2014-04-1419
Android 4.4.2KitKat
  • Bug fixes
  • Security enhancements
2013-12-0919
Android 4.4.1KitKat
  • Bug fixes
  • Enhance the camera on the Nexus 5
2013-12-0519
Android 4.4KitKat
  • Screen recording
  • New Translucent system UI
  • Enhanced notification access
  • System-wide settings for closed captioning
  • Performance improvements
2013-10-3119
Android 4.3Jelly Bean
  • Dial pad auto-complete
  • Photo Sphere enhancements
  • Camera app UI updated
  • 4K resolution support
  • Ability to create restricted profiles for tablets
  • Hebrew and Arabic right-to-left (RTL) support
  • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) support
  • Bluetooth Audio/Video Remote Control Profile (AVRCP) 1.3 support
  • Security and performance enhancements
2013-07-2418
Android 4.2.2Jelly Bean
  • Allow toggling Wi-Fi and Bluetooth state in Quick Settings using long-press
  • Shows the percentage and estimated time remaining in the active download notifications
  • Wireless charging and low battery sounds changed
  • Gallery app updated for faster loading with new image transition
  • Performance enhancements and bug fixes (Bluetooth A2DP audio streaming fix...)
2013-02-1117
Android 4.2.1Jelly Bean
  • Fix missing december bug in the People app
  • Add support for Bluetooth gamepads and joysticks HID devices
2012-11-2717
Android 4.2Jelly Bean
  • Lockscreen widgets
  • 360 degree images with Photo Sphere
  • Gesture Typing, for faster typing
  • Wireless display with Miracast
  • Daydream to display information when idle or docked
  • Multi-user for tablets
2012-11-1317
Android 4.1.2Jelly Bean
  • Enable Home screen rotation
  • Fix bugs and enhance performances
2012-10-0916
Android 4.1.1Jelly Bean
  • Fix a bug on screen orientation
2012-07-2316
Android 4.1Jelly Bean
  • Google Now ( http://youtu.be/pPqliPzHYyc )
  • Voice Search
  • Speed enhancements
  • Camera app improvements
  • Accessibility: gesture mode, enable braille external keyboards...
2012-07-0916
Android 4.0.4Ice Cream Sandwich
  • stability improvements
  • better camera performance
  • smoother screen rotation
2012-03-2815
Android 3.2.6HoneycombMinor fixes2012-02-1513
Android 4.0.3Ice Cream Sandwich
  • Social stream API in Contacts provider to show updates associated to your contacts
  • Video stabilization and QVGA video resolution API access
  • Accessibility API refinements for screen readers
  • Calendar provider updates
2011-12-1615
Android 3.2.4HoneycombAdded "Pay as you go" for tablets2011-12-1513
Android 4.0.2Ice Cream SandwichMinor fixes2011-11-2814
Android 4.0.1Ice Cream Sandwich
  • Facial recognition (Face Unlock)
  • UI use Hardware acceleration
  • Better voice recognition (dictating/Voice typing)
  • Web browser, allows up to 16 tabs
  • Updated launcher (customizable)
  • Android Beam app to exchange data through NFC
2011-10-1914
Android 4.0Ice Cream Sandwich
  • New lock screen actions
  • Improved text input and spell-checking
  • Control over network data
  • Email app supports EAS v14
  • WI-FI direct
  • BlueTooth Health Device Profile
2011-10-1814
Android 3.2.2HoneycombMinor fixes2011-09-3013
Android 2.3.7Gingerbread
  • Google Wallet support for the Nexus S 4G
2011-09-2110
Android 3.2.1Honeycomb
  • Android Market updates including easier automatic updates
  • Google Books updates
  • Wi-Fi improvements
  • Chinese handwriting prediction improved
2011-09-2013
Android 2.3.6Gingerbread
  • Voice search issue fixed
2011-09-0210
Android 2.3.5Gingerbread
  • Improved network performance for the Nexus S 4G
  • Fixed Bluetooth issues on the Samsung Galaxy S
  • Gmail app. improvements
2011-07-2510
Android 3.2Honeycomb
  • Optimizations for a wider range of tablets
  • Compatibility display mode (zoom for fixed-sized apps)
  • Media sync from SD card
2011-07-1513
Android 2.3.4Gingerbread
  • Voice or video chat using Google Talk
2011-05-1010
Android 3.1Honeycomb
  • UI improvements
  • Open Accessory API
  • USB host API
  • Mice, joysticks, gamepads... support
  • Resizable Home screen widgets
  • MTP notifications
  • RTP API for audio
2011-05-1012
Android 3.0Honeycomb
  • Multi core support
  • Better tablet support
  • Updated 3D UI
    • customizable homescreens
    • recent applications viewing
    • redone keyboard layout
  • Media/Picture transport protocol
  • Google Talk video chat
  • Google eBooks
  • "Private browsing"
  • System-wide Clipboard
  • HTTP Live streaming
2011-02-2211
Android 2.3.3Gingerbread2011-02-0910
Android 2.3Gingerbread
  • Updated UI
  • Improved keyboard ease of use
  • Improved copy/paste
  • Improved power management
  • Social networking features
  • Near Field Communication support
  • Native VoIP/SIP support
  • Video call support
2010-12-069
Android 2.2Froyo
  • Speed improvements
  • JIT implementation
  • USB Tethering
  • Applications installation to the expandable memory
  • Upload file support in the browser
  • Animated GIFs
2010-05-208
Android 2.1Eclair
  • Updated UI
2010-01-127
Android 2.0.1Eclair2009-12-036
Android 2.0Eclair
  • HTML
  • Digital zoom
  • Microsoft Exchange support
  • Bluetooth 2.1
  • Live Wallpapers
  • Updated UI
2009-10-265
Android 1.6Donut
  • Gesture framework
  • Turn-by-turn navigation
2009-09-154
Android 1.5Cupcake
  • Bluetooth A2DP, AVRCP support
  • Soft-keyboard with text-prediction
  • Record/watch videos
2009-04-303
Android 1.1Banana bread
  • "Show" & "Hide" numeric keyboard, in caller application
  • Ability to save MMS attachments
2009-02-092
Android 1.0Apple pie
  • Download and updates via Android Market
  • Web Browser
  • Camera support
  • Gmail, Contacts and Google Agenda synchronization
  • Google Maps
  • YouTube application
2008-09-231
Android 0.92008-08-22
Embed

Comments

  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2017-10-27 22:02:30 by hypo59
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Great
    Posted 2017-09-23 03:37:16 by kisoo kim
  • Very nice list. I didn't even know about 0.9 Android) By the way, I have nice review about last 8 Android Oreo. Check it here: https://www.cleveroad.com/blog/android-8-0-features-and-updates-release-of-new-android-os
    Posted 2017-09-01 16:38:05 by Pablopablo
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2017-06-07 01:16:47 by ghosthero
  • suggested on Android 1.1 to set Name to Android
    Posted 2017-04-24 08:23:25 by PAULAB
  • commented on Android 7.1
    Can we use new version on Samsung Galaxy S4 sgh-m919 UVUAMDL ?
    Posted 2017-02-12 20:17:04 by Kamran Mehmood
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2017-02-07 10:35:25 by Chandra Mohan
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2017-01-23 15:44:58 by weed420
  • suggested on Android 7.1 to set Name to Android 7.1 Nougat
    Français Posted 2016-10-16 13:10:10 by MrGamix
  • How do I know which Android OS will work best with the MyMatrix TV android box? I tried looking for it on their site but couldn't find any info on it......http://www.MyMatrixTV.com
    Posted 2016-08-19 22:59:02 by Rob Pacinelli
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2016-02-27 21:21:22 by Uday Shah
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Cool OS, love the version names & great comparison!
    Posted 2016-01-12 06:31:57 by Ekta
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2015-11-02 12:14:09 by ltrudu
  • @Jeyanthan Rasalingam
    API: basically it is the features a developer can use for their app. For a full description:
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Application_programming_interface
    API level is useful for developers to know which versions has the same global features set.
    It's also useful for market share as explained in the description (market share is based on the API level).
    Posted 2015-06-01 11:52:23 by Seralo
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    ohh thanks what is the meaning of API
    Posted 2015-05-31 09:25:00 by Jeyanthan Rasalingam
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2015-05-30 12:40:52 by thibault22
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2015-05-16 07:43:32 by Kelly
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2014-07-14 21:55:26 by ibankbee
  • thnx for info...
    Posted 2014-01-25 16:41:41 by Tanushree Pattayat Taps
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2014-01-12 13:25:22 by Nediak
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    asteriou2009
    Posted 2014-01-04 13:19:40 by asteriou2009
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Great comparison !
    Posted 2013-11-22 00:23:16 by Xavier Joy Gomes
  • easy to convey matter........
    Posted 2013-11-18 07:08:57 by Karthik Raja
  • commented on Android 4.1.2
    Je ne sais pas si c'est le cas sur tous les smartphones, mais sur le Samsung Xcover 2 ou GT-S7710, cette version est une vrai galère au niveau de la mémoire. Impossible de transférer les applications sur la micro SD. Du coup, on est vite saturé en mémoire. Inadmissible pour un smartphone comme celui-là. Il serait bien d'avoir une solution pour corriger ce problème.
    Français Posted 2013-10-13 08:58:21 by Fred
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2013-10-04 08:00:45 by chgros59
  • commented on Android 4.1.2
    Bonjour. Depuis que j'ai cette nouvelle version (4.1.2) j'ai un petit souci. Quand j’écris un sms et que j'ai un mot qui n'éxiste pas sur mon téléphone il est impossible d'ajouter ce nouveau mot dans le dictionnaire interne de mon galaxy note GT-N7000. Y'a t'il une solution car cela est très gênent. merci d'avance
    Français Posted 2013-09-27 19:39:23 by Thunder13
  • commented on Android 4.2.2
    Dolphin has not supported Flash since about the time of Android 4.0.1 or 4.0.2, Or have they added it back? The Android devs had pretty horrid Flash support anyway. Felt like they just decided to give up trying to get their code right (was it beyond their skill level? who knows...but it's not there far as my last look.)
    Posted 2013-06-10 13:27:30 by brecklundin
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2013-04-09 11:07:43 by Rajesh Varanasi
  • android is a software for tablet and phones, the platform is based on linux kernel. it can be modified by programmer and now it has many versions like gingerbread, ice cream sandwich, jelly bean, honeycomb, etc. Fachrunnisa Firdausi /IT 2E/ 214
  • est-il possible de mettre à jour la version android de ma tablette qui tourne sous 4.1.1 ?
    Français Posted 2013-03-09 18:13:31 by surfette001
  • Voted for this Comparison A++
    Posted 2013-03-03 02:23:41 by El Komander
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Jelly Bean 4.2
    Posted 2013-02-09 22:57:26 by elpak
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Much HELPFUL...
    Posted 2013-01-30 16:22:39 by Ali Hussain Shaikh
  • I want to say ,,, just awesome ,, After reading your article i became a fan of Android ,, So i add a part to Android in my blog and write something on Best Android Email Clients
    Posted 2013-01-24 15:52:08 by Sumit Sharma
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-12-19 18:16:50 by jacfalcon
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-12-17 15:56:25 by Vanina
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    very helpfull!
    Posted 2012-12-04 01:24:17 by L7ColWinters
  • Rien de mieux qu'un OS ouvert et accessible à tous. Quand Apple le comprendra ? Un bon article sur ce thème : http://www.itespresso.fr/generations-android-ice-cream-sandwich-gingerbread-58424.html
    Français Posted 2012-11-07 14:53:36 by caminel
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-11-05 23:05:40 by e-cigarette
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-10-31 00:25:22 by Matt Szczublewski
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    cute system
    Français Posted 2012-08-17 04:40:37 by simosamm
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-08-03 12:23:24 by Ankit Mishra
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2012-06-19 14:45:19 by Mike
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Nice One
    Posted 2012-06-16 08:39:01 by Sohail Khan
  • commented on Android 4.0.4
    i need it to download
    Posted 2012-05-23 05:43:27 by Fredmar T. Go
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Very Informative
    Posted 2012-04-27 13:45:05 by Sooraj Amin
  • USEFUL....
    Posted 2012-02-09 04:46:57 by suryag
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    seems useful
    Posted 2011-12-13 02:37:13 by Android_Fans
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2011-09-13 11:09:24 by Vishal
  • voted for this Comparison (Like)
    Posted 2011-07-20 20:41:47 by A l'anis
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